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當鋼琴大師在公演時出錯,意味著什麼?

2021-09-02    音樂趣聞  瀏覽:1762 次


當鋼琴大師在公演時出錯,意味著什麼?


什麼?鋼琴大師演奏時也會有錯音?
沒錯,大師也會出錯
許多鋼琴大師們
會在音樂會上彈錯音
甚至還有搞錯曲目的!

隨著錄音技術的不斷提高
我們聽到的錄音越來越 精準無誤
但似乎,少了點“人情味”

早期的錄音雖然粗糙
卻將大師們演奏的精髓
當然也包括那些錯音
完整的保留了下來!

聽了大師們的演奏
原來,錯音也能如此迷人~

 

01 有錯音,才是真我!
霍洛維茨Vladimir Horowitz

鋼琴魔法師霍洛維茨在他75歲時,與指揮家祖賓梅塔合作,演繹他的拿手好戲,拉赫瑪尼諾夫第三鋼琴協奏曲,簡稱拉三。

老爺子的彈奏鋼琴的觸鍵方式一向別具一格,仔細看,會發現他並不是用我們通常被灌輸的指尖來演奏,而是用指腹演奏,這種觸鍵的方式,使得他彈出來的音色異常柔美。

但卻也容易彈出錯音,因為手指下鍵的面積過大,加上年齡的關係,靈活度不如從前,年邁的霍洛維茨的演奏總是夾雜著一些錯音,但他從沒有因為會彈錯音而掩蓋,反而將這些錯音作為展示自己真實演奏實力的一種獨特方式。不得不說,霍洛維茨晚年的演奏,就算彈錯,也仍然彈出了他獨一無二的霍式味道。


02錯音是我音樂中的“佐料”
魯賓斯坦Arthur Rubinstein

魯賓斯坦87年音樂會現場

同樣是琴壇泰斗,魯賓斯坦也屬於晚年錯音大把的鋼琴家。關於錯音,霍洛維茨有一次曾經偷偷告訴魯賓斯坦,自己最近的一場音樂會中只彈錯了兩個音。

魯賓斯坦在自己的告別音樂會上,演奏了《貝多芬第23首鋼琴奏鳴曲“熱情”》,當魯賓斯坦將一雙蒼老的大手伸向鋼琴時,彷彿一位年邁的王者一般,掌控著琴鍵。

如果說,霍洛維茨的錯音,是一連串音中有幾個音碰錯,那魯賓斯坦在演奏時的錯音可謂是排山倒海的來,當那些被他用極強的力度彈奏下去的錯音,彷彿已經融入了他的音樂中,不再是錯音,而是他對於音樂的重塑。

其實,不論是那些砸下去的和弦,幾個沒有站穩的音符,還是那些細微的顫音處理,對一位年過80的鋼琴家來說,這些小瑕疵算不上什麼大問題,大家要聽的並不是精準,而是大師對於音樂的整體把控與處理,瞻仰大師的仙氣。在晚年的魯賓斯坦那裡,彈錯音已變成了他演奏的一部分,絲毫沒有影響他的音樂進行,反倒更增添了幾分對音樂獨到的詮釋。


03他指尖的錯誤正如上帝所犯的錯誤
科爾托Alfred Cortot

肖邦晚年鋼琴練習曲錄音

在錯音問題上,法國鋼琴大師科爾托,一直令他的樂迷又愛又恨,這位法國鋼琴學派的大師所演奏的肖邦、舒曼鋼琴作品,至今可謂無人能及,傅聰稱科爾託為真正的“鋼琴詩人”。科爾托最喜愛演奏的是肖邦鋼琴作品,肖邦練習曲,是他平時最常演奏的。

不可否認的是,科爾託的演奏是有瑕疵的,這就如同一串珍珠總有幾粒是不那麼完美的,但這不就是自然的產物嗎?聽了科爾託的演奏,不禁開始重新思考,什麼才是真正的完美?

 

04演出時發現自己備錯曲,她憑記憶救場
皮雷斯Maria-Joao Pires

講完了三位鋼琴界的泰斗,讓我們將目光轉向一位當代女鋼琴家,皮雷斯(Maria-Joao Pires),這位葡萄牙鋼琴家以演奏莫扎特、貝多芬的鋼琴作品為主。

皮雷斯演奏的莫扎特協奏曲,自然清新,很有個人風格,皮雷斯平時不喜歡出風頭,在葡萄牙過著相當簡樸的隱居生活,在當代鋼琴家中獨樹一。

有一次,皮雷斯在現場演出時,曾經出過一場“事故”——備錯曲。相比之前的幾位泰斗級鋼琴家們的錯音,皮雷斯的錯誤,可算是錯得離譜了!

讓我們從當年的視頻中,感受一下這位鋼琴家在當時是如何面這樣的突發事件!當樂隊的音樂開始響起,皮雷斯才恍然發現自己準備的曲目並不是這首,表情驚恐的她坐在鋼琴前一時手足無措。

在指揮的鼓勵下,皮雷斯坐在琴上思索著這首莫扎特的協奏曲,這首自己在之前的樂季中演奏過的作品,最終,她憑著之前的記憶,將作品完整的演奏了下來,這才挽救了整場音樂會。


最後,讓我們感受一下
皮雷斯近期的演奏~
鋼琴大師,當然也會出錯
如果你的演奏足夠好
偶爾幾個錯音
又怎麼能抵擋住大師們
指尖下的魅力呢?




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